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Ingredients Chart: What's it for?

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Here is a rerun of a helpful ingredients chart.

Inform yourself about what's in your makeup,

skin care, and shampoo and why.

<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width=745 align=center bgColor=#ffffff border=0><TBODY><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left width=622><TABLE class=textNormal cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width=620 border=0><TBODY><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Acetic Acid</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Found in vinegar, fruits, dairy products, and cocoa, this astringent -- when diluted -- has bleaching properties and is used in whitening lotions and haircolor formulas.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Acrylates Copolymer</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>An acrylic acid derivative, this fake nail component is also used as a binder and suspending ingredient in nail polishes and hair fixatives. It also is used in skin cleansers and makeup for its oil-absorbing properties.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Alcohol Denat (aka Denatured Alcohol)</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>The European name for SD alcohol, it is ethyl alcohol made undrinkable for legal use in cosmetics. It acts as a solvent, disinfectant, and freshening agent in skin care products and a solvent in fragrance oils.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Algae</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A mineral-packed simple seaweed, algae is often included in skin care products as a potential moisturizer and wrinkle prevention treatment.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Allantoin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>These crystals are diluted into skin creams and lotions for their ability to heal by stimulating tissue growth.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Almond Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Extracted from the nut, this oil is a common moisturizer in skin care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Aloe Vera</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Frequently applied to burns, this super-healing plant extract has been used for generations to moisturize and soften skin.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Alpha Hydroxcy Acid (AHA)</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Active exfoliators that remove the top, dead layer of skin cells, thus increasing your skin's sensitivity to the sun.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Althea</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This soothing plant root derivative is used as an emollient and moisturizer in skin care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This pink powder is an antiseptic used in lotions, astringents, and deodorants. May cause allergic reactions.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Aminomethyl Propanol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This alcohol-based ingredient is used in creams and lotions as an emulsifier.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ammonium Cocoyl Isethionate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A natural coconut oil derivative, this mild surfactant creates the bubbles in bubble baths and lather in body wash.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Ammonium Hydroxide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This pungent liquid is used to balance the acidity of hair treatments and skin creams. Also known as Ammonia Water.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ammonium Laureth Sulfate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This salt compound breaks down impurities for easier cleaning from skin and hair.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This salt, a natural coconut alcohol derivative, is a mild surfactant used in rinseable skin cleansers.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ammonium Persulfate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This ammonium salt is used as a bleach in hair dyes and skin whitening products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Avocado Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This organic emollient and carrier oil is used in makeup, moisturizers, and creams for its high levels of fat and vitamins A and C. It is also among the most effective naturally-derived sunscreens.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Balm Mint Extract</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This soothing tree extract, used in skin care products and cosmetics, has antibacterial and healing benefits. Also used for its strong aroma in other beauty products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Beeswax</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Yellow or white, it is derived from virgin bees and is primarily used in skin care products and makeup as an emulsifier.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Behentrimonium Chloride</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This synthetic ammonium compound is used in skin care, hair care, and cosmetic products as a preservative, deodorant, or antiseptic.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Bentonite</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This white clay is an important makeup ingredient -- it absorbs oil and reduces shine. It is also used to thicken cosmetics and skin care products and to emulsify oils and masks.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Benzophenone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Frequently used as a fixative in fragrances, soaps, sunscreens, and hairsprays, its ability to absorb UV rays helps prevent other cosmetic ingredients from deteriorating.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Benzoyl Peroxide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This antibacterial is the active ingredient in anti-acne treatments, physically forcing clogs and infections from the pores.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>BHT</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>An antioxidant and preservative in cosmetics. Short for Butylated Hydroxytoluene.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Bismuth Oxychloride</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This chemical is a coloring and pearlizing agent in makeup and nail polishes.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Burdock</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>The roots, seeds, and leaves of this plant contain an essential oil used in beauty products for its soothing effects on the skin. It is also an astringent and antibacterial agent.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Butane</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This gas is used as an aerosol or propellant in sprays and mousses to even out their dispersal.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Butyl Acetate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This colorless liquid solvent is commonly used in nail polish and nail polish remover.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Butyl Stearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This synthetic acid is used as a binding ingredient as well as a wetting agent in makeup and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Butylene Glycol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This humectant is used in hairsprays for its resistance to humidity.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>A derivative of benzoic acid and alcohol, this chemical is a fatty acid that is frequently used in soaps, bubble baths, and cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Calcium Carbonate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Otherwise known as chalk, this acid-balancing ingredient is used in cosmetics to de-shine talc, and add white to makeup and face powder.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Calcium Hydroxide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Also known as limewater or lye, this chemical astringent is used for its alkalinity in depilatories, skin creams, and hair relaxers.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Camphor</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This tree distillate is a common preservative in cosmetics, hair care products, emollients, and astringents. Another use: It leaves the skin feeling cool and fresh.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Candelilla Wax</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This derivative of the candelilla plant prevents moisture loss in emollients and gives body to liquid and solid cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Occuring naturally in coconut oil, these emollient glycerin mixtures are used in cosmetics, hair products, and bath oils to evenly spread pigment.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Carbomer</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This family of acidic powders works as an emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Carnauba</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Wax from this Brazilian palm is widely used in cosmetics and deodorants as a firming and texturizing agent. It also can form a protective layer on the skin's surface.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Castor Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Extracted from beans of the castor oil plant, this is a highly common ingredient in lipsticks, bath oils, nail care products, and fragrances.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ceresin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This beeswax substitute is used in cosmetics and protective creams to regulate viscosity.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cetearyl Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This alcohol derivative is an emollient and emulsion stabilizer used in skin lotions, hairstyling creams, and deodorants.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cetearyl Isononandate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A synthetic wax, this emollient is used in shampoos, hair treatments, makeup, and skin care products as an emulsifier and texturizer.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cetearyl Octanoate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This palm kernel or coconut oil derivative is an emollient used for its high water repellency.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cetyl Acetate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This alcohol derivative is an emollient and emulsion stabilizer used in skin lotions, hairstyling creams, and deodorants.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cetyl Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>An emollient, waxy solid used in lotions, creams, hair care products, nail care products, and oils.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cetyl Dimethicone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This silicone-based emollient is frequently used in moisturizers as well as foundations, lipsticks, and eye makeups for its skin conditioning potential.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cetyl Esters</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Commonly found in shampoos, hair dyes, cosmetics, hand creams, and lotions, these waxes act as stabilizers and thickeners.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cetyl Octanoate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This alcohol and acid compound is used as a moisturizer in emollients and cosmetics, especially lipsticks.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Chamomile</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Extracts from this plant are used in skin care products for their moisturizing, antiseptic, and refreshing benefits. The flower is used in hair care products and skin fresheners for its essence, and is also added to blond color-enhancing products as a brightener.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Chitosan</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Found in shellfish shells, algae, and yeast, it is used as an anti-aging agent in skin care because of its remarkable skin-healing abilities, and as a colorant in tanning and hair care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Citric Acit</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>It makes sense that this fruit acid is among the most widely used acids found in cosmetics -- it is an antioxidant, astringent, and preservative. Citric acid frequently appears in makeup, bleach, bath product, cleansing cream, and hair product formulas.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cocamide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This coconut oil fatty acid is commonly used as a thickener and foam regulator in shampoos and bath and shower products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cocamidopropyl Betaine</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Frequently used in hair conditioners, this salt is derived from fatty acids and actually repels static as it cleans hair.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This common skin cleanser and hair care product ingredient is a blend of coconut oil, a natural ingredient effectively used for lathering and cleansing.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cocoa Butter</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This lotion and cream ingredient softens and lubricates the skin and may prevent and improve stretch marks if applied regularly. Also used as a moisturizer in soap to counteract drying effects.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Coconut Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This coconut kernel extract is a natural lathering and cleansing ingredient, and is often blended with other fats. Frequently found in skin cleansers, oils, and moisturizers, as well as hair care and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Corn Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This moderately emollient vegetable oil is used as a carrier in nail care and hair care products and moisturizers.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Corn Starch</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This water-absorbent corn kernel derivative is used as a thickener in cosmetics and skin care products. Another benefit: It can soothe your skin.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Cyclomethicone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>A form of silicone widely used in hair and skin care products, deodorants, lotions, gels, and cosmetics for its smooth consistency.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Decyl Glucoside</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This sugar-based compound is a surfactant used as a mild foaming agent in soap.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Decyl Oleate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>An emollient in manicure products, cosmetics, and lotions, it penetrates easily and increases the spreadability of products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Decyl Polyglucose</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This mild foaming ingredient is also used in skin care products to encourage water absorption.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Denatured Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Otherwise known as Alcohol Denat or SD alcohol, this undrinkable version is used as a solvent, disinfectant, and freshening agent in skin care products and as a fragrance oil solvent.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Dibutyl Phthalate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This colorless liquid, which denatures alcohol for cosmetic use, is a plasticizer in manicure products, an emollient in hair resins, and an antifoam ingredient in other cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Dicetyldimonium Chloride</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Used as a preservative in cosmetics, skin care, hair care, and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Dihydroxyacetone (DHA)</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Used in sunless tanning lotions, this chemical color additive is the magical one that "tans" your skin upon application.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Dimethicone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This silicone derivative is an oil used as a protectant in skin care products and a detangling and shining agent in hair care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Used in cosmetics as a surfactant, this mild ingredient makes skin care formulations suitable for sensitive skins.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>DMDM Hydantoin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This synthetic preservative is used to lengthen the life of hair care products and bath and shower gels.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Emulsifying Wax NF</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>An ingredient in moisturizers, skin creams, and sunscreens, this emulsifying wax has the NF (National Formulary) abbreviation denoting quality compliance.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Essential Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>The oily liquid obtained from plants through a variety of processes. The essential oil usually has the taste and smell of the original plant. The use of essential oils as preservatives is ancient. A large number of oils have antiseptic, germicidal, and preservative action when used in fragrances and skincare products. No known toxicity when used on the skin, but essential oils can cause illness, perhaps even death, if ingested.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ethanol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This antibacterial and antiseptic -- also called ethyl alcohol or rubbing alcohol -- is commonly used in nail polishes, face masks, body washes, astringents, hair care products, and other beauty products. Can be used as a preservative in high concentrations.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Ethoxydiglycol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This water absorbent liquid solvent is used in nail polish thinner, hair lighteners, conditioners, and in some makeup.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ethyl Acetate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Naturally found in berries and tropical fruits, this ingredient is used in perfumes for its fruit essence and in nail care products as a solvent.Naturally found in berries and tropical fruits, this ingredient is used in perfumes for its fruit essence and in nail care products as a solvent.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Ethyl Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This antibacterial and antiseptic, also called rubbing alcohol, is commonly used in nail polishes, face masks, body washes, astringents, hair care products, and other beauty products. It is also a preservative when added in high concentrations.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>FD&C Yellow No. 5</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This coal tar derivative is a colorant in hair products and bath salts.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Glycerin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Absorbs moisture from the atmosphere to help keep moisture in creams and other cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Glyceryl Stearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A glycerin-based emulsifier, this conditioning ingredient is common in skin care products, makeup, and manicure products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Glycol Distearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This glycerin derivative is widely used to make cosmetics opaque.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Glycolic Acid</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Derived from sugarcane juice and fruit, this exfoliant is used in anti-wrinkle products as a skin peel and helps to balance pH in skin creams and cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Grape Seed Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This natural antioxidant is an anti-aging moisturizer in skin care, hair care, and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Hibiscus Flower</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Extracts from this botanical -- all 200 varieties -- are highly astringent ingredients in skin care products used to tighten skin without stripping it of natural oils.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Homosalate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Short for Homomenthyl Salicylate. This chemical UV absorber is frequently used in suntan oils and sunscreens.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Hydrated Silica</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>The most common use of this white powder, combined with water, is to prevent caking in loose powders.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Hydrogen Peroxide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This ingredient is frequently used in skin care products as an antiseptic, in hair care products as an oxidizing agent, and in cosmetics as a skin-bleacher.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>These hydrogen-infused palm kernel oil derivatives are frequently used in makeup and hair care products as emulsifiers and consistency regulators.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Hydrolyzed Collagen</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This processed protein is a beauty super-ingredient. It is used in skin creams, nail care products, and hair treatments as a hydrator. It forms a film on the skin, preventing natural water loss for soft, smooth effects.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Isobutane</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This colorless natural gas constituant is used as a cosmetic spray propellant. Commonly found in hairsprays.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Isodecyl Oleate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>An emollient, this acid/alcohol compound is used in skin care products for its potential to moisturize away fine lines.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Isononyl Isononanoate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This acid/alcohol compound is used as a fruit flavoring in lipsticks.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Isopropyl Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>An antibacterial used in lotions and makeup. It is also a common solvent in hair care products and deodorants.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Isopropyl Isostearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Frequently used in skin care products and makeup, this acid-based emollient adds oil for spreadability and can leave the skin smooth.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Isopropyl Lanolate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This skin-softening lanolate derivative effectively encourages water penetration and pigment dispersion in cosmetics, nail care products, and emollients.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Isopropyl Myristate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Fatty lubricant and emollient used for its spreading ability in lotions, bath oils, sunscreens, and aerosols. Also used in fragrances for its solubility.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Isopropyl Palmitate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This emollient is commonly used in lotions, fragrances, cosmetics, and nail and hair care products as a binding agent.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Jojoba Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This penetrating oil extracted from the American desert shrub is versatile. It is a conditioner in hair care products, a moisturizer in anti-aging and anti-stretch mark creams, and a spreading agent in makeup and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Kaolin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This white clay powder is used in face, baby, and bath powders as well as cosmetics for its absorbency and high degree of coverage.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Lanolin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Widely used as a natural emulsifier in eye and face makeup, lipsticks, and skin and hair care products, this absorbent wax derives from the oil glands of sheep.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Lanonlin Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This lanolin derivative (that's less of an allergen than pure lanolin) is an effective emulsifier and emollient commonly used in cosmetics, cleansers, depilatories, and moisturizers.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Lauramide DEA</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Used in soaps to increase foam and in cosmetics as a thickener, this lauric acid mixture is derived from coconut oil fatty acids.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Laureth-23</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This skin gel ingredient acts as an emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, and agent to help water penetrate the skin's surface.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Lauroyl Lysine</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This skin conditioner is used in powders, foundation, and lipsticks.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Linseed Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>A flaxseed derivative, this oil is added to creams, emollients, and soaps to make them soothing.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Macadamia Nut Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This gentle oil derives from the nut of this evergreen tree. It is used as a spreadable emollient in skin care products, and replaces oils that have naturally decreased with time to aged or dry skin.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Mica</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Crystallized mineral frequently ground into cosmetics to add a pearly glow to skin and nails.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Microcrystalline Wax</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This petroleum-based beeswax substitute is a common emulsifying ingredient in nail polishes, moisturizers, and cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Mineral Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This emollient, petroleum-based lubricant is widely used in hair and skin care products, cosmetics, and sun lotions.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Myristyl Myristate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This absorbent coconut oil derivative is used in moisturizers, creams, and makeup -- particularly foundations and lipsticks -- for its spreadability.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Nitrocellulose</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Frequently used in skin creams and nail care products, this natural solid originates from the cell walls of plants.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Nylon</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This versatile synthetic -- the same as the one in your stockings -- is common in mascara to thicken and lengthen the appearance of eyelashes. Also added to cosmetics as an opacifier.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Octyl Methoxycinnamate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>A UV light absorber, this oil-soluble chemical is frequently used in sunscreens and other skin and hair care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Octyl Palmitate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This alcohol and acid compound is a common emollient in shaving creams, moisturizing creams, and makeup, especially lipstick.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Octyl Salicylate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Salicylates are antiseptic salts that protect against the sun. They are found naturally in nuts, fruits, and vegetables. This one is used as a sunscreen in cosmetics and hair and skin care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Octyldodecanol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This emollient alcohol is a common ingredient in cosmetics, moisturizers, deodorants, and nail care products as an emulsifier, opacifier, and water absorption agent. It is also a hair conditioner.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Oxybenzone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This UV absorber is used in sunscreens and protective lip balms as well as anti-aging creams and lotions.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Ozokerite</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This waxy mineral is a common emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics, especially lipstick and liquid blush.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Panthenol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This super-ingredient is a derivative of vitamin B5. It moisturizes the skin, thickens, shines, and detangles hair, and even strengthens nails.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Paraffin</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This waxlike ingredient is commonly used to regulate consistency in oils, creams, depilatories, and cosmetics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>PEG-100 Stearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Common in scrubs, masks, depilatories, and emollients, this acid derivative stabilizes, emulsifies, cleanses, and allows water to easily penetrate the skin's surface.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This waxy ingredient is used as an emulsifier and softener in liquid cosmetics like fragrances, nail products, lipsticks, and creams. It is a version of Polyethylene Glycol.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Petrolatum</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Also known as petroleum jelly, this water-retentive ingredient makes lipsticks shiny and skin creams smooth. Also used in many other makeup, skin care, and body products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Phenyl Trimethicone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This silicone oil is used as a gloss and protectorant in skin and hair products, also acting as a detangler for hair.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Polybutene</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This petroleum derivative is used in cosmetics as a lubricating oil.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Polyquaternium</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Formulations in this family of ammonium compounds are frequently used in hair products for several reasons: They reduce static, texturize, increase body, detangle, and add elasticity.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Polysorbate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>An entire family of emulsifiers, the polysorbates are frequently found in cosmetic creams, sunscreens, and lotions and are commonly used to stabilize essential oils in water.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Polysorbate 60</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This compound is used as an emulsifier and wetting agent in cosmetics, lotions, creams, and hair care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Propane</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This gas is a common propellant in hairsprays and cosmetic aerosols.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Propylene Carbonate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This clear liquid, commonly found in makeup and nail care products, is an effective solvent and diluting agent.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Propylene Glycol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This fluid is the most common carrier of moisture in cosmetics besides water. Also used in deodorants, suntan lotions, and hair and skin care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>PVP</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This ingredient is used as a carrier base in emollient skin care products and cosmetics and is used in hair care products to volumize, texturize, give hold, and increase elasticity. Short for Polyvinylpyrrolidone.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>PVP/VA Copolymer</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This vinyl derivative is used in hairsprays to add shine, hold, and elasticity to hair.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Quaternium-18 Hectorite</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This thickening gel is used in skin care products to improve the feel of skin creams.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Rosemary</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This herb is used in skin care products as an astringent and in hair care products to stimulate growth. It is also used for its natural essence in fragrances.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Safflower Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This oil is added to cosmetics, nail care products, and hair care products for its skin softening abilities.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Salicylic Acid</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This natural or synthetic antiseptic is commonly used in exfoliants and cleansers -- especially anti-acne and anti-aging products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>SD Alcohol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Used as a liquifier in hair care products such as gels, mousse, and hairspray.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sesame Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sesame seeds, harvested from an East Indian herb, yield an oil that is used in cosmetics as a skin softener and hair conditioner.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Shea Butter</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This super-moisturizing natural fat -- also known as karite butter -- is used in emollients and cosmetics to protect the skin from weathering and dehydration. It is also a hair treatment ingredient.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Silica</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This white powder, the origin of silicone, is used as an absorbent in skin creams and a volumizer and thickener in hair care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Silicone</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A water-repellant oil, this silica derivative is used in hair products to coat the hair shaft, in skin products as a lubricant, and in nail products to add shine.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sodium Bicarbonate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This inorganic alkaline salt -- also known as baking soda -- is often used as a skin smoothing ingredient, buffering agent, and acid neutralizer in bath products and antiseptics.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Sodium Chloride</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Otherwise known as table salt, it is also used as a preservative, astringent, and antiseptic in bath salts, soaps, and some hair and skin cleansers. It increases a liquid's viscosity.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sodium Laureth Sulfate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This salt is commonly used in shampoos as a lathering and cleansing ingredient.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Sodium</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Frequently used in cleansers and moisturizers, this surfactant is an especially mild wetting agent that is common in products for sensitive skin.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sorbitol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Found naturally in fruits, this humectant is common in hairsprays, nail products, and face masks, and sometimes replaces glycerin in skin creams.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Squalene</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This liquid, present in olive oil, grain oils, and shark oil, is used in creams, lotions, and cosmetics as a potent moisturizer.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This conditioning compound is used in cleansers for its mildness. It is a surfactant that helps the skin absorb moisture.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Stearic Acid</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A common ingredient in deodorants, soaps, and skin and hair care products, this fatty acid exists naturally in butter acids and animal fats.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Sunflower Seed Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This natural oil, full of vitamin E, which helps build skin tissue, is used in soaps and other skin care products as a potential anti-aging ingredient and carrier oil with smoothing properties.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Talc</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>The main ingredient of many liquid and powder cosmetics and skin care products, talc texturizes and absorbs moisture. It is the powderized form of mineral magnesium silicate.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Tea Tree Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>It does a bit of everything. Considered a natural preservative in beauty products, it is used frequently as an antiseptic and an acne remedy in skin treatments and a camphor-like ingredient in aromatherapy products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>TEA-Stearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A moisture absorber, this Triethanolamine cream is used in a range of mattifying liquid makeups and lotions, hair care products, and baby preparations.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Titanium Dioxide</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Mineral with two common cosmetic uses: as a UVA and UVB block in sunscreens and as a white pigment in eye makeup, face and bath powders, and nail polish.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Tocopherol</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Otherwise known as vitamin E, this vegetable oil derivative is included in essential oils, creams, sunscreens, anti-aging serums, and lotions as an antioxidant and preservative.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Toluene</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This common nail polish ingredient, used mainly as a solvent, is extracted from petroleum or balsam.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Tridecyl Trimellitate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This ingredient is used as a skin conditioner in concealers, foundations, powders, lotions, and oils.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Triethanolamine</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This acid-neutralizing ingredient is a detergent used in shaving creams, soaps, and bath powders.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Trimethylsiloxysilicate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A waterproofing agent in sunscreen, it decreases the greasy feel and helps to counteract the skin whitening tendency of high SPF formulations.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Vitamin A</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This source of retinol regulates keratin to smoothe and firm skin. As a natural exfoliator, it prevents dryness, and may have anti-aging benefits in skin care, hair care, and nail care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Vitamin B1</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Also known as thiamine HCL, it is used as an emollient in beauty products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Vitamin B2</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>This ingredient, otherwise known as riboflavin, accelerates chemical reactions, enhancing the performance of tan accelerators in tanning lotions.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Vitamin E</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This favorite ingredient in essential oils, depilatories, creams, lotions, and cosmetics, improves the appearance of dry skin and is considered among the most important antioxidants and photoprotectants. It is also a preservative.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Vitamin H</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Used in manicure and hair care products, this ingredient, also known as biotin, is claimed to have healing properties useful in fighting acne.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Wheat Germ Oil</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>This hair conditioner and skin emollient has been found to encourage collagen and elastin production and is also commonly used in manicure and lip care products.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Yeast Extract</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ccffcc>Seemingly a skin care miracle, this plant- and animal-derived ingredient is claimed to moisturize skin, heal sunburns and chapped skin, restore elasticity to skin, and reduce facial lines.</TD></TR><TR><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>Zinc Stearate</TD><TD vAlign=top align=left bgColor=#ffffff>A mild antiseptic and coloring agent, this mixture of zinc salts is frequently used in soaps, deodorants, and skin moisturizers.</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD><TD width=1 bgColor=#000000 height="100%">
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